Home English-speaking visitors' page (updated) Aqeedah The 6 Fundamentals: Listening to and obeying The Guardians who Order Good Doings

The 6 Fundamentals: Listening to and obeying The Guardians who Order Good Doings

The 6 Fundamentals: Listening to and obeying The Guardians who Order Good Doings

All Praise is due to Allah, and may the peace and mercy be upon the Messenger of Allah. To proceed: The first fundamental is sincerity to Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) alone, without associating any partners to Him and that includes clarifying and avoiding what opposes this important fundamental. Polytheism (Shirk) is the opposite of this fundamental and it has been clarified in The Holy Quran many times and from different points of view and it is obvious to all people. Now that the majority of people have become what they have become, Satan manipulated the image of Sincerity and showed them a way of Shirk by following the Saleheen and their followers. Distancing ourselves from these acts and the people who do them would set us on the way to achieving Monotheism (Tawheed).

The second Fundamental that was ordered by Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) is to convene and agree in the religious matters, and He (subhanahu wa ta’ala) forbade us from splitting away from the group. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) warned us not to be like those before us who separated and perished because of that. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) ordered us to unite and use The Holy Quran and the Sunnah as our standard measure and follow in the footsteps of the Pious Salaf who understood this religion before us.

The Third Fundamental is the topic of today’s Khutbah, which is the complete obedience to our leaders who have been installed upon us, even if they were slaves. Very few people are aware of this fact and even less people know about it and follow it. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: "O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you." (Surat An-Nisā': 59) Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) has made it clear that this is the correct way, (that of) obeying the leaders, unless they order wrongdoing deeds. Indeed the issue is not as simple as that, but in essence there are 2 types of authorities: the pious scholars have the authority in explaining to people the orders of Allah and calling to Him, and the leaders are the ones who actually carry out those orders and order others to follow them. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: "O you who have believed, when you encounter a company [from the enemy forces], stand firm and remember Allah much that you may be successful." (Surat Al-'Anfāl: 46) Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) also forbade fighting that will lead to failures and wasting of energies and He ordered us to be patient. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: "And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided." (Surat 'Āli `Imrān: 103)

This fundamental was also dealt with by the Sunnah. Narrated 'Ubada b. Samit: "The Prophet called us and we gave him the Pledge of allegiance for Islam, and among the conditions on which he took the Pledge from us, was that we were to listen and obey (the orders) both at the time when we were active and at the time when we were tired, and at our difficult time and at our ease and to be obedient to the ruler and give him his right even if he did not give us our right, and not to fight against him unless we noticed him having open Kufr (disbelief) for which we would have a proof with us from Allah." (Related by Al-Bukhary and Muslim) Imam an-Nawawy explained: “the meaning of the Hadith is: don’t fight the leaders over their authority and do not oppose them unless you notice actions that are against the fundamentals of Islam. Rebelling against them and fighting them is forbidden by the agreement of the majority of scholars, even if they were oppressors. Scholars have also agreed that removing the leader because he is corrupted is not allowed. This is because the consequent events might be more harmful to the society, such as killings and dishonoring or treaties between groups of people because of these changes”.

Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever notices something which he dislikes done by his ruler, then he should be patient, for whoever becomes separate from the company of the Muslims even for a span and then dies, he will die as those who died in the Pre-Islamic period of Ignorance (as rebellious sinners). (Related by Al-Bukhary and Muslim)

Imam Nawawi said: “the aim here is perseverance from their oppression and that disobeying them is not allowed in this case neither, and indeed Allah knows best”. Also, it has been narrated on the authority of Ibn 'Umar that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said:”It is obligatory upon a Muslim that he should listen (to the ruler appointed over him) and obey him whether he likes it or not, except that he is ordered to do a sinful thing. If he is ordered to do a sinful act, a Muslim should neither listen to him nor should he obey his orders”. (Related by Al-Bukhary and Muslim) Hudheifa Ibn Al-Yaman narranted that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "There will be leaders who will not be led by my guidance and who will not adopt my ways. There will be among them men who will have the hearts of devils in the bodies of human beings. I said: ‘what should I do, o Messenger of Allah, if I (happen to) live in that time?’ He replied: ‘you will listen to the Amir and carry out his orders; even if your back is flogged and your wealth is snatched, you should listen and obey’". (Related Muslim)

Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) has proved the fundamental in His book and through the Sunnah of His Meseenger. He also practically proved it to us when we had a united Islamic nation that was careful about its religion. They obeyed their leaders and scholars and ruled the world in that state. After each small group decided to split and rebel against their leaders, their enemies were less worried about them. And we ended up with the state in which we live today.

Every nation that rebels against its leader ends up in a mass destruction that is much more than what they had before they rebelled. This is what happened to people when they rebelled against Yazeed Ibn Mu’awiyah in the year 63 after immigration to Madinah. 306 of the sons of the Muhajiroon and Ansar and the number is believed to be more. The city of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was attacked. The best then for us to do is to be patient and repent to Allah and to come back to this Deen. Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: "And whatever strikes you of disaster - it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much." (Surat Ash-Shūraá: 30) Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) also says: "Why [is it that] when a [single] disaster struck you [on the day of Uhud], although you had struck [the enemy in the battle of Badr] with one twice as great, you said, "From where is this?" Say, "It is from yourselves." Indeed, Allah is over all things competent." (Surat 'Āli `Imrān: 165). He (subhanahu wa ta’ala) also said: "What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself." (Surat An-Nisā': 79). Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) also said: "And thus will We make some of the wrongdoers allies of others for what they used to earn." (Surat Al-'An`ām: 129)

If the people want to get rid of the oppressive leader they have, they should stop being oppressors. Indeed Allah knows best.

Last Updated ( Monday, 14 February 2011 21:30 )